Notice: Open 7 days a week.
Notice: McLeod Veterinary Hospital hosts regular Canadian Animal Blood Bank (CABB) donor clinics. For information about upcoming donation dates and to find out if your pet is an eligible donor, contact us at 204-661-3334 or visit www.canadiananimalbloodbank.ca
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Learn how to reduce your cat’s stress upon visits to McLeod Veterinary Hospital
Cats are very accustomed to the temperature, smell and comfort of their homes; taking them out of their safe environment can be very stressful. Thankfully, there are ways to help your cat relax and make for a more pleasant visit.
1. Transport your cat in a hard-plastic carrier, with a removable top
Removable tops will make getting your cat into-and out of-the carrier much easier. Undo the screws or latches and remove the top. This eliminates the need to force your cat in and out, which will make you and your cat more relaxed.
2. Keep the carrier in the living room or bedroom
When cats see their carriers as a safe place, they’re much more comfortable during transportation. Follow these tips:
- Leave the carrier in a comfortable and easily accessible part of the house.
- Keep a nice blanket or towel in the carrier.
- Periodically place treats and favourite toys in the carrier.
- One week prior to travel feed a few meals in the carrier.
3. Spray the blanket within the carrier with Feliway 15 minutes prior to travel.
Feliway is a synthetic pheromone that emulates the natural facial pheromone that cats release to mark their territory as safe and familiar; similar to when they rub their face on an object when they’re happy. When Feliway is sprayed in their carrier they associate it as a happy, comfortable environment.
4. “Start the car”!!!
Your cat is acclimatized to the temperature in your house. During the winter and summer the temperature in your car will be much cooler or warmer. Start your car and let it run for a period of time to ‘warm up’ or ‘cool down’ to a much more comfortable temperature.
5. Buckle up
Cat carriers have a handle-don’t use it. Carry your cat’s carrier by the sides or the bottom to reduce swinging and motion. Cats are sensitive to motion. Being carried in the carrier and the car ride can often be a bumpy ride. Make sure the carrier is level in the car. Placing a rolled towel under one side of the carrier on the car seat may help level things out. Buckle the carrier in to prevent sliding or worse, falling off the seat. Don’t play loud music. Cats may not share your choice of music. Soft, classical music is relaxing for us and for our pets. Consider a soft, calming choice of music during the drive.
6. Drop in for some ‘happy visits’
If your cat shows signs of stress during travel, take your cat for short drives around the block. We often don’t take our cats anywhere other than to the vet. Car rides shouldn’t always end in a nail trim or needle. Reduce the association that a car ride results in a stressful situation, such as a visit to the vet. Even better, bring your cat for a visit…just to visit! A visit to the vet could just involve a neck scratch and a treat, something positive and pleasant for a nice change.
7. Don’t feed your cat prior to a vet visit
If your cat is hungry, we can offer canned food or treats to make the experience more pleasant. If your cat is picky bring some of their own treats or food from home. Cats can be very distracted from thermometers and injections if they’re hungry and eating a yummy snack.
If your cat suffers from significant stress, call us and we can dispense a prescription medication to reduce your cat’s anxiety prior to veterinary visits. We still recommend all of the above measures to help reduce your cat’s stress in addition to medication.
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We are a Fear Free Animal Hospital
Visits to the veterinarian are often stressful for pets and their caregivers. At McLeod Veterinary Hospital, we have been working hard to reduce the stress put on our patients and during their visits. Members of our veterinary team have recently completed a Fear Free Certification Program. This program has trained staff in the recognition and reduction of fear, anxiety, and stress in patients. You may have noticed a few changes over recent months in our hospital. We have purchased synthetic pheromone diffusers which mimic the natural, happy pheromones of dogs and cats. These diffusers are located in various areas throughout the hospital and work to present a positive environment for our patients. We feed a lot of treats here! Dogs and cats are often food driven. Giving food and treats throughout procedures can effectively reduce fear, stress, and anxiety. Thundershirts are now used commonly in our daily practice. They are applied to patients experiencing stress in the clinic environment. Thundershirts are wrapped around the body focusing on certain pressure points to relieve anxiety. Along with our attempts to ease your pet’s stress, there are a number of ways that you can help as well.
- Pets should come to appointments hungry, owners may bring a favorite treat to be given throughout exam/procedure.
- Small pets should be placed in a hard sided carrier with a towel/blanket.
- Carriers should be covered with a light towel/blanket to prevent visualization of other animals, unfamiliar people and surroundings.
- Pheromone sprays may be used on towels/blankets inside and covering carriers.
- When travelling to the veterinary hospital, play quiet, calming music, or leave the radio off. Keep the vehicle at a comfortable temperature.
- When arriving in exam room, allow pets to come out of carriers on their own. If pets will not walk out of carrier, lid may be removed.
- Owners may allow pets to remain in carrier throughout exam when possible.
For more information on creating a stress free experience for your pet contact the team at McLeod Veterinary Hospital.
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How to protect your dog against Lyme disease
Wood ticks have been a nuisance in our area for a very long time; however, the prevalence of Lyme disease is on the rise.
Testing: When we run a heartworm test on your dog, we are also testing for Lyme disease and 2 other tick borne diseases. If you see wood ticks on your dog, annual testing is recommended.
Where ticks are: Wood ticks are most prevalent in un-kept grassy and treed areas. If you take your dog camping, to the cottage, off leash parks or nature walks, please consider protecting your dog against ticks and Lyme disease. Nonetheless, ticks can be found in any grassy area suck as back yards and local parks. Inspect your dog routinely for wood ticks.
When: Ticks are most prevalent during the spring and fall. They become active and looking for blood meals when temperatures reach 7°C. They often hide during hot temperature, such as July and August, but this is weather dependent.
About Lyme: Lyme disease is caused by bacteria that are transmitted by the Deer tick, during attachment. Not all dogs that are exposed to the bacterium will develop the disease or display signs of the disease. Further blood work may be necessary to determine the level of infection. Signs of Lyme disease are lameness, swollen and sore joints, fever and loss of appetite. If your dog becomes infected with this disease and is diagnosed early; the prognosis is very good for a full recovery after a course of antibiotics. If left untreated, some dogs may become very ill and have a very poor prognosis.
Prevention: Nothing is 100% effective at protecting a dog from Lyme disease if they are exposed to an infective wood tick. There are products that are available, however, that will greatly reduce the potential of infection.
A Lyme vaccine is available that blocks the transmission of bacteria that causes the disease. Additionally, there are tick prevention products that will reduce your pet’s tick burden. These products are most affective if started 2 weeks prior to wood tick exposure.
Revolution: A monthly topical (applied to the skin) preparation that kills wood ticks within a 24-48 hour window after they’ve attached and collected a blood meal. This product is also affective against fleas, heartworm and some species of intestinal parasites. For dogs that are exposed to a very high number of wood ticks, it may be necessary to treat every 2 weeks.
Advantix: A monthly topical preparation that repels wood ticks and fleas. This product should be used in addition to a heartworm product. This product is toxic to cats; pets will need to be separated after application.
If you have question or concerns about Lyme disease, please call McLeod Veterinary Hospital at 204-661-3334.
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Choosing the right diet for your cat or dog
Finding the right diet for your dog or cat can be an overwhelming experience. If you walk into any pet store you are faced with many aisles of options and all companies claiming to be the best for your pet. Television commercials can also be very persuasive and misleading.
Unfortunately most manufacturing companies aren’t very transparent. They don’t inform consumers of research and development, information on feeding trials, quality control or the quality of the ingredients that goes into their diets. This important information isn’t present on animal food labels, causing a lot of misconceptions and confusion for all pet owners, even veterinarians!
What information is on the label?
The ingredients are listed in descending order by weight. This can be misleading! Chicken contains more than 50% water. Just because it’s listed first, doesn’t mean it’s more nutritious or of better quality. Poultry meal may be lower on the ingredient list of diet, but it may contain more quality protein than a diet that has chicken listed first.
AAFCO (the Association of American Feed Control Officials) sets standards for pet foods in the United States and is also recognized by Canada. These standards offer only a minimum and maximum level of only certain nutrients: protein, fat, fibre and moisture. They do not indicate actual amounts! They also don’t standardize all nutrients, for example: some dog foods may be very high in calcium and can lead to bladder stones or some cat foods may be high in sodium and phosphorus and can be detrimental to a senior cat.
Nutritional adequacy statement:
This information indicates if the diet is nutritionally balanced for certain lifestages. Growing puppies and kittens have different nutritional needs then adult dogs and cats. A diet that is labeled as nutritionally adequate for “all lifestages,” will often contain excessive levels of some nutrients for an adult or senior pet.
Formulation vs feeding trial method:
AAFCO defines 2 methods for pet food to determine the nutritional adequacy of their diets.
Formulation: This method is less expensive and faster for pet food manufacturers. In essence they have not conducted any feeding trials to research or develop their diets. Formulated diets do not conduct appropriate testing and gives no indication of:
- Excessive amounts of nutrients
- The presence of toxic substances that may exist
- Acceptability by pets
- Nutrient availability (how the food is digested)
Feeding trials: AAFCO has a standardized feeding trial protocol for pet food manufacturers. The food being tested must be the sole source of nutrition during the feeding trials and meet nutritional adequacy. Again this label claim does not guarantee that the food is a great formula. Food manufacturers that have conducted these trials should have more information such as digestibility and nutritional adequacy.
Manufacturer’s name and toll-free phone number:
This can be the most useful information on the bag! There is no way to determine the actual nutrient content or quality of the ingredients by the label…so call and ask the right questions.
So now that we’ve really confused you…what can you do to find the right food for your pet?
AAHA (the American Animal Hospital Association) has created a series of questions for pet owners to ask pet food companies, to help them choose the right diet:
- Do you have a Veterinary Nutritionist or some equivalent on staff in your company? Are they available for consultation or questions?
- Who formulates your diets and what are their credentials?
- Which of your diet(s) is AAFCO feed trial tested? Which of your diets meet AAFCO nutritional requirements?
- What testing do you do beyond AAFCO trials? What kinds of research on your products have been conducted and are the results published in peer reviewed journals?
- What specific quality control measures do you use to assure the consistency and quality of your product line? What safety measures do you use?
- Where are your diets produced and manufactured? Can this plant be visited?
- Can you provide a complete nutrient analysis of your bestselling canine and feline pet food including digestibility values?
- Can you give me the caloric value per can/cup of your diets?
Did you know?
AAFCO establishes nutritional standards, however, does not regulate, test, approve or certify pet foods.
One study showed 90% of home-made pet foods were found to be nutritionally unbalanced and incomplete for pets.
Cooked corn is a highly digestible carbohydrate and contains an essential fatty acid.
68 % of dog food allergies or reactions are caused by beef, dairy or wheat, 25% are caused by lamb, chicken, chicken egg or soy. Corn is not a common cause of food reaction.
The term “by-product” does not indicate an inferior product. It is defined as “something produced in the making of something else”.
Pet food terms:
- Organic: Is legally defined and must meet regulations.
- Natural: Is legally defined and must meet regulations.
- Holistic: Not legally defined and any manufacturer can make unsubstantiated claims.
- Human Grade: Not legally defined and any manufacturer can make unsubstantiated claims.
Diets that have added glucosamine, chondroitin, omega fatty acid, or other nutraceuticals do not have to supplement to a therapeutic level and may have no benefit to our pet.
For more great information on pet nutrition visit: www.petfoodnutrition.com.
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What to expect when making the difficult decision of euthanizing your pet
For some pet owners this can be one of the most difficult decisions they ever make. It’s important to speak with your veterinarian, because you are your pet’s voice. Your veterinarian will ask you important questions to determine your pet’s health condition and quality of life. If you have any questions or concerns discuss them with a health care team member. We are here to help guide you in this very trying time.
A euthanasia appointment:
Once the decision for humane euthanasia is made, we will inform you of all the steps in the procedure. We often sedate pets to allow them to relax. An intravenous catheter may be placed in your pet’s front leg after the sedation has taken effect. This allows the veterinarian to administer the euthanasia drug with minimal stress to your pet. The drug that is administered is Pentobarbital, a lethal dose of an anesthetic agent. Your pet will very quickly and comfortably pass once the medication has been given. Family members are invited to be present during this procedure, but by no means is it mandatory, as individual preferences are respected. Some pets are very fortunate to have a large, loving family. Everyone is welcome to be present during the transition.
After the procedure is completed you have the option of cremation or taking your pet home for a burial. This can’t be done within the city of Winnipeg limits; however, some clients may have a farm property or a cottage that was a special place for their pet.
Preferred and basic cremation services are available. This service is provided by the company Precious Pets, located here in Winnipeg. You can request to have a preferred cremation whereby your pet’s ashes will be returned in an urn of your choosing. Many people prefer to make an appointment to select an urn prior to the euthanasia appointment. Basic cremation is an option where multiple pets are cremated together and their ashes are buried in a common pet burial site at Precious Pets. Witnessing the cremation is also available through special arrangement with Precious Pets. Please see the following link for more information on these unique services and images of urns at http://www.preciouspetcremation.com.
Grieving the loss of your pet
Pets are an integral part of our family and often times are the center of the family’s attention. It’s important not to dismiss your emotions. Some people often experience a lack of support from co-workers, employers or extended family members. “It’s only a cat, get over it,” can be a very devastating remark, but sadly isn’t unusual. We all grieve our loved one’s losses differently, and for some it can take a very long time to deal with the emotional loss. As such, it’s important to find a solid support system; a friend, your immediate family or even one of our staff to offer an ear to listen or a shoulder to cry on. A good support system will allow people to move through the mourning process and come to terms with the loss.
If you or someone you know is struggling with the loss of a pet and require assistance or support, call 204-988-8804.
For more information on this subject, visit: Pet Loss Support
Pet loss can also be very challenging for children. We have a children’s book available that may be useful for parents to assist their children through this difficult time. “When Friendship Lives Beyond the Stars” is a book written by Dr. Amy Sugar. This book offers great advice for parents on how to answer some difficult questions and a story to assist kids understand and remember their beloved pet.
A few suggestions from the Winnipeg Humane Society to assist people through the mourning process:
- Create a memory box. Consider a few keepsakes that bring back fond memories such as your pet’s collar, favorite toy and pictures.
- Write a letter to your pet. We sometimes struggle with regrets and unanswered questions. Writing a letter may assist you in bringing closure. This letter can be placed in the memory box.
- Host a funeral or celebration of life for your pet. Often the loss of a pet can affect many people. Consider sharing an event with those close to you and your pet, where memories can be shared and reflected upon.
The grieving process is the same whether you lose a pet or a family member. It takes time.
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Caring for your Senior Pet
As our pets age, we may notice changes in; weight, appetite, behavior, elimination habits, skin/coat, mobility, eyes and mouth. You may begin to notice these changes in your pet at the age of 7-10 for dogs or 10 and over in cats.
The age will vary between different breeds of dogs and if they suffer from any underlying medical conditions. Having a good relationship with your veterinarian is vital at this point in your pet’s life. We believe in preventive care and like to educate pet owners on nutrition, nutraceutical and medical options to keep their pets healthy.
Your veterinarian can prescribe a diet suitable for your cat or dog, based on their needs. If there are no specific health concerns than Hills Prescription Aging Care formula, G/D may be the right choice for your pet.
Senior Wellness Exams:
We recommend a wellness exam every 6 months for all senior pets. This allows the Veterinarian to ensure your pet is healthy and possibly pick up any minor changes in your pet’s health and recommend appropriate treatment. The aging process is quite rapid in our senior pet and closer monitoring is advised to pick up subtle changes in organ health. A comprehensive exam, including a complete blood and chemistry profile and urinalysis, provides us insight into changing health status in our senior pets.
- A Registered Animal Health Technologist will start the appointment and begin the discussion about your pet’s health. Diet, medications, physical activity regime and life style are all important information at this point in your pet’s life.
- The Veterinarian will then perform a thorough physical examination. This will include evaluating different body systems such as: skin and coat, eye, ears, teeth and oral cavity, heart, lungs, muscle tone and joints.
Senior Blood Analysis:
- The Veterinarian will recommend annual blood work at this stage of your pet’s life. Bloodwork will provide us with a detailed picture about how your pet’s internal organs are functioning. Blood work will evaluate your pet’s kidneys, liver and pancreas levels. It will also evaluate red blood cells, white blood cells, electrolytes, blood glucose and other important parameters.
- The Veterinarian may also recommend a urinalysis on your pet. This will evaluate bladder health and kidney function as well.
We offer a discount for our senior wellness package. Call us today to make an appointment if your pet is over 10 years of age.
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Wildlife in the Back Yard
Spring is a time of year we look forward to the songs of the birds. It’s not unusual for us to come across bunny nests and young birds learning to fly. When young orphaned wildlife animals are brought into the hospital we always reach out to Wildlife Haven to guide us or to pick up the orphaned animal so they can properly care for them.
The Wildlife Haven Rehabilitation Centre is located in Ile des Chenes.
Did you know that baby rabbits are left unattended most of their development?
It’s very important to know normal wildlife behavior, to ensure that young wildlife animals have the best chance for survival.
Here are a few examples of common wildlife situations:
- Finding a nest with baby rabbits:
It’s very common for rabbits to create nests in the middle of the lawn; in shallow depressions. Mother rabbits only feed their babies very briefly twice a day at dawn and dusk. This is to protect the babies from predators. Do NOT handle baby rabbits. Should you expect that the mother rabbit has been injured and is not caring for the babies, contact the Wildlife Haven for further instructions.
- Finding a fledgling (juvenile bird) on the ground:
During a bird’s development they must learn how to fly. During this stage they may spend a few days on the ground. These birds will have full feathers, but will have short tail feathers. Parent birds will continue to care for these birds while they learn to fly.
- Finding a bird that hit the window:
Place the bird in a small cardboard box, such as a shoe box. Line the bottom of the box with a paper towel or non-fraying towel. Do not offer any food or water. Ensure there are a few breathing holes in the box. Leave the box in a dark, quite area for a couple of hours. Then remove the lid outside. Should the bird not fly away; contact the Wildlife Haven for further instructions.
Should you encounter a young orphaned wildlife animal or an injured animal; take appropriate measures to ensure not to inflict more trauma. Refer to the Wildlife Haven website for tips on how to identify an animal in need in care.
Wildlife animals that have been bit by a cat, require immediate medical attention.
A few tips on handling wildlife (provided by Wildlife Haven website):
- Don’t feed milk or formulas
- Don’t pet injured or orphaned animals
- Don’t feed any food (unless advised by Wildlife Haven)
- If transporting an injured or orphaned animal; don’t travel with your own pets
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Preanesthetic blood screening
Preanesthetic blood screening is a simple way to determine the health of your pet’s major organs prior to anesthesia. Preanesthetic screening gives you peace of mind and a chance at early intervention when diseases are detected in their beginning stages.
The following are examples of the vital organs which may be included in preanesthetic blood screening.Preanesthetic blood screening for cats
Preanesthetic blood screening for dogs
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Have you ever wondered what you would do if your pet ever became lost? There are steps that you can take to increase the chance that your pet is returned to you.
- Contact your local pet shelters, animal services agency, and the humane society. Provide them with a detailed description of your pet, the area they were last seen, and any distinguishing markings they may have. This will give you the opportunity to provide current contact information in the event that it differs from the information on your pet’s identification tags.
- Visit the websites Winnipeg Lost Dog Alert, Winnipeg Lost Cat Alert, and Facebook. These are excellent tools to help find your lost friend. Getting your pet’s photo and information out in the community will keep the public on the lookout.
- Make large, colorful, eye-catching signs and put them up in areas surrounding where your pet was last seen. Adding a photo to the signs will allow people to identify color patterns or markings specific to your pet. Ask local veterinary hospitals and shelters if you can post your sign in their office.
If your pet normally wears a collar, be sure their identification tags are always on it. Rabies tags, microchip tags, and license tags are great ways to help your pet find their way home.
Tattoos are usually one of the first things people will search for on a lost animal. Tattoos are usually given at the time of spay or neuter and are located on the inner hairless surface of the ear. They do however tend to fade and become more difficult to read over time.
Microchips are rice-sized transponders implanted under the skin between the shoulder blades and are easily scanned using a special microchip scanner. Microchips provide a permanent form of identification, and are a great back-up in the event that your pet’s collar and tags fall off. As with all identification, your address and contact information must always be kept current to provide the best chance for a safe return.
Never give up hope. There have been animals lost for months that have been reunited with their pets.
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Make Friends with Feliway
Introducing Feliway Friends
Introducing Feliway Friends, a synthetic pheromone which mimics the calming pheromones released by mother cats while nursing. The natural purpose of this pheromone is to relax the kittens and help bond them to their mother.
Available in a convenient plug-in diffuser, Feliway Friends is a great addition to multi-cat households to reduce tension and aggression. Each diffuser covers a 750 square foot radius and starts working within 24 hours. For best results, your Feliway Friends diffuser should be plugged in where your cats spend most of their time.
For more information on Feliway Friends and other Feliway products, contact the veterinary team at McLeod Veterinary Hospital.
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Dental Cleaning From Start to Finish
Brushing teeth is not something your pet can do for themselves
Brushing teeth is not something your pet can do for themselves and isn’t manageable for every pet. Regular dental cleanings and oral preventive care is important in managing periodontal disease and keeping your pet healthy.
Dental cleanings start with a visit to your veterinarian. A thorough examination will allow the veterinarian to determine the overall health of your pet and allow a general assessment of their oral care needs. It’s impossible to clean a pet’s mouth thoroughly without the use of general anesthetic. You will then be provided with an estimate for a dental cleaning.
The morning of your pet’s dental cleaning a Veterinary Technician will admit your pet into the hospital and walk you through the proceedings of the day. You will then be required to sign an authorization sheet for all services to be performed.
Your pet will have a brief exam prior to administering medication to prepare them for anesthesia. A veterinary technician will check your pet’s heart, lungs, hydration, mucous membrane color, and temperature. At this point, a sedative/pain relief injection will be given to your pet. This injection will help to calm them and allow lower doses of gas anesthesia to be used throughout the dental procedure. Once the sedation has taken effect, a blood sample is drawn to ensure that your pet’s major organs are functioning well and that there are no health concerns prior to anesthesia.
Your pet will receive intravenous (IV) fluids throughout the anesthetic procedure. IV fluids help to maintain hydration, aid in maintaining stable blood pressure, and provide an ideal route for administering medications. IV fluids are introduced just prior to inducing anesthesia and are removed upon recovery.
Your pet’s heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, and anesthetic depth will be continually monitored throughout the anesthetic procedure.
Once anesthetized, your pet’s oral cavity and all teeth will be examined and probed, and abnormalities will be noted on a dental chart. Each tooth will then be cleaned and polished on all surfaces and below the gum line. This process is not possible without the use of general anesthesia.
When abnormalities are found, x-rays are taken of the affected tooth/teeth to further investigate its appearance below the gum line. Sometimes a tooth may look healthy on the outside but x-rays may reveal extensive damage to the part of the tooth that lies beneath the gums. If x-rays reveal dental disease the tooth may be extracted.
When all the teeth have been cleaned and problems within the mouth have been addressed, your pet will be recovered from the anesthetic. It may take a few hours for your pet to be up and ready to move around. We allow our anesthetic patients to recover for several hours prior to sending them home.
When you return to pick up your pet following a dental cleaning, a veterinary technician will take time to discuss aftercare instructions specific to your pet and their health requirements.
Oral care is a vital component to your pet’s overall health. Your pet relies on you and your veterinarian to establish an oral preventive care regimen specific for their oral health needs. Regular professional dental cleanings and preventive care help your pet live a long, healthy life. Discuss your pet’s oral health needs with the veterinary care team at McLeod Veterinary hospital.
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Anesthesia-Free Dental Cleanings
There has been a lot of controversy recently in regards to anesthesia free dental care for pets.
This practice involves scaling, or scraping the plaque and tartar off of a pet’s teeth while they are awake. Many would see this as a great, drug-free alternative to the traditional anesthetic procedure typically performed in veterinary practices.
A veterinarian can get a general idea of immediate oral concerns during a routine physical exam on a cooperative pet. It is impossible however, to provide a thorough examination of your pet’s mouth without general anesthesia. Most pets experience a certain level of discomfort/stress associated with the restraint required to perform an anesthesia free cleaning. For this reason, most pets will not sit still enough to risk placing a sharp dental instrument in their mouth. The bacteria present beneath the gum line results in periodontal disease and are not removable on an awake pet. Anesthesia free cleaning will only allow removal of the plaque and tartar that are visible and serves no benefit to your pet’s health. Bacteria left below the gum line will continue to contribute to bad breath, infection of the gums, and damage to the tooth roots and bone structure.
General anesthesia allows the veterinarian to provide you with a detailed examination of your pet’s teeth and oral cavity. Your pet’s mouth can be properly charted and each tooth individually inspected for problems. Dental radiographs can provide your veterinarian with an image of the extent of disease present beneath the gum line and cannot be done on an awake pet. Your pet’s teeth can then be scaled above and below the gum line on all sides. Polishing all exposed areas of the teeth will provide a nice smooth surface to discourage new bacterial build-up.
The team at McLeod Veterinary Hospital is dedicated to providing your pet with the best care possible. Contact us with any questions you may have regarding your pet’s dental health.
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Should I be concerned?
In late December 2017, the first known case of H3N2 canine influenza was identified in Ontario from dogs imported from Asia.
There are two strains of canine influenza virus that have been reported in North America. H3N2 originated in Asia likely from an avian influenza. H3N8 was initially seen in Florida early in the 2000s and came from an equine strain.
Canine influenza is transmitted by direct nose-to-nose contact, from droplet exposure of the virus in the air, and from contact with objects that have been in contact with infected dogs. The highest risk of transmission is from nose-to-nose contact. Dogs without symptoms but that are in the early phases of infection can shed the virus and infect other dogs.
Canine influenza is part of the infections grouped under the umbrella term “canine infectious respiratory disease complex” which also includes “kennel cough”. Symptoms can include sneezing, coughing, nose and eye discharge, a decrease in appetite, and possibly a fever. Most dogs make a full recovery in 2 to 3 weeks. It is rare for these infections to be fatal. Some dogs can develop a bacterial pneumonia, which is more serious. Very young and very old dogs and brachycephalic breeds (such as pugs and bulldogs) are most susceptible to more severe infections.
There have currently been no reports of canine influenza in Manitoba. Families with dogs exhibiting symptoms similar to those of canine influenza should contact their veterinarian.
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Cat owners, beware!
Recently there have been several websites discussing the risk of essential oils in cats.
Essential oils should never be applied directly to a cat’s skin or in a location where they can be ingested. Particular types of essential oils that are known to be toxic to cats include: oils of wintergreen, sweet birch, citrus, pine, Ylang Ylang, peppermint, cinnamon, pennyroyal, clove, eucalyptus, and tea tree oil.
Cats with exposure to these oils may drool, vomit, have tremors, breathing difficulties, liver failure, and a decrease in heart rate and body temperature.
If essential oils are used in a diffuser, they may be irritating to the airways of cats, particularly if the cat has allergies, asthma, or respiratory infections. Cats in close proximity to diffusers can get micro droplets of essential oil on their coat which may be ingested during grooming or absorbed through the skin.
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Those Suckers are Back!
Things to do to ensure your pet stays healthy this summer.
Mosquitoes and wood ticks will be back soon! This means that heartworm and Lyme testing is in full swing. Luckily, a simple blood test run in hospital can determine if your dog has been infected with either of these diseases. Your dog relies on you to provide them with the necessary tools to prevent and monitor for heartworm and Lyme disease. At McLeod Veterinary Hospital we can help you choose the product best suited for your furry friend. Contact your pet’s health care team today to discuss prevention and schedule heartworm and Lyme disease testing.
Heartworm disease is an infectious disease spread by mosquitoes. Infected animals may not immediately show any clinical signs but, as the burden of adult worms becomes more severe, the signs become apparent. Symptoms include exercise intolerance, weight loss, coughing, fainting, progressing to congestive heart failure and eventually death, if left untreated.
Lyme disease is on the rise in Manitoba. Lyme disease is an infectious disease spread by ticks. The symptoms of Lyme disease include fever, lameness, joint pain and swelling, and kidney damage. Lyme disease may eventually result in death if left untreated.
In 2017 McLeod Veterinary Hospital ran 527 blood tests for heartworm and tick-borne diseases. Of these tests, 2 were heartworm positive and 15 were positive for tick-borne diseases (9 Lyme positives).